At a Glance
Latin Name: Aronia melanocarpa
Have you ever heard of aronia berries? They are also known as chokeberries, and they are native to eastern North America. They are not very popular as a fresh fruit, but they are used in various products and supplements for their health benefits.
Chokeberry is a versatile low-maintenance shrub that can easily be grown in home gardens. With three-season interest, tolerance of a wide range of growing conditions and nutritious edible fruit, chokeberry makes an invaluable addition to any landscape.
Zones: Zones 3-9
Habit: Bushy habit
Height/Spread: 8 inches to 12 feet tall, 1-1/2 to 10 feet wide
Exposure: Partial shade to full sun
Bloom time: Spring
Prolific clusters of scented blooms appear in spring. The five-petaled white or pink-tinged flowers, 1/2 inch across, have distinct dark pink tipped stamens and attract insect pollinators.
From late summer to fall, shiny edible blueberry-like fruits are produced in colors of black, purple, or red. Aronia is self-fertile, but will have bigger fruits and larger harvests when planted near other specimens.
Finely toothed green leaves 1 to 4 inches long are lance or oval-shaped with a glossy sheen. The foliage turns brilliant hues of red, orange or purple in fall.
Types of aronia:
There are two main species, red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia) and black chokeberry (A. melanocarpa), as well purple chokeberry (A. prunifolia), which is a natural hybrid of the other two. Most cultivated varieties are black chokeberries.
Aronia is not considered toxic to pets or children.
-Wetland tolerant, preferred habitat
-Winter food source for wildlife
-Provides habitat for ruffed grouse and quail
Transplant Purchase Size: 1-2 ft.
USDA NRCS Species Information