At a Glance
Latin Name: Picea glauca
Other common names: Canadian spruce, Black Hills spruce, skunk spruce, cat spruce
Mature Height/spread: 75 ft. high/ 10-20 ft. spread medium growth rate
Soil / Climate: Large trees transplant easily, best in well-drained, sandy soils, prefers acidic soils and cooler climates, likes full sun.
Notes: Often used for windbreaks, lumber and in some parts of the country as a Christmas tree. White spruce has a narrow conical form. Branches are held horizontally, dense when young, becoming more loose and open with age. Uses are for Christmas trees, hedge, windbreak and screen. White spruce is the northernmost tree species in North America.
Wildlife: Winter shelter for wildlife. Squirrels will eat the buds. Spruce grouse eat the needles. The seed is eaten by a variety of woodpeckers, pheasant, and many other varieties of birds. Porcupines and black bear enjoy the bark.
-Wetland tolerant, preferred habitat.
-Transplant Purchase Size: 12-18 in.
-Seedling Purchase Size: 4-8 in.
USDA NRCS Species Information