Apple, Royal Empire (TM) (BUD-9)
A whole-limb sport of Empire discovered in Wolcott, New York. The fruit produces significantly brighter and redder than its parents and presents a 75-90% deep purplish-red color with creamy white flesh that is moderately sub-acid. The tree is vigorous, upright, and has good crotch angles.
Budagovsky 9 (B 9): A cross between M 8 and Red Standard, a hardy rootstock of Russian origin. A full dwarf rootstock producing a tree with the same vigor as M 9. Requires staking or other support to keep anchored. Extremely cold hardy and resistant to collar rot. Mildly resistant to powdery mildew and scab, developed at the Michuinsk College of Agriculture in Russia.